Pair Fluctuation Effects on Quasiparticle Transport in Fermi Systems
Wei-Ting Lin and J. A. Sauls
- Address: Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208
- Journal: Physical Review Letters
The leading corrections to Fermi liquid theory for non-equilibrium quasiparticle transport near a Cooper instability arise from the virtual emission and absorption of incipient Cooper pairs. We formulate the corrections to the Landau-Boltzmann transport equation starting from Keldysh's field theory for non-equilibrium, strongly interacting Fermions. The theory is applicable to quasiparticle transport in conventional and unconventional superconductors, dense nuclear matter and the low temperature phases of liquid 3He. Validation of the theory is provided by our analysis, and quantitative agreement between theory and experiment, of the excess attenuation of zero sound in liquid 3He near the superfluid transition. We propose an additional experimental test of the theory based on the effects of a Zeeman field on the spectrum of pairing fluctuations for the Cooper instability in spin-triplet superfluids.
- Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures and supplemental material